With the development of the economy, the competition in the plastic mold industry is becoming more and more fierce. Industry insiders pointed out that the current mold industry presents five major operating characteristics. The single-piece customized production model has obvious product differentiation; the average sales of mold production enterprises are low; industry technology Compared with developed countries, there is still a large gap; the regional concentration is high; the domestic production and demand contradictions of high-end mold products are outstanding.
1. Single-piece customized production mode, product differentiation is obvious
Plastic molds are special process equipment, and each set of products is designed for a specific plastic part product. Each time an order is accepted, the plastic mold production enterprise needs to design and manufacture according to the technical information provided by the customer, that is to say, most plastic molds are unique, the differentiated characteristics are obvious, and the requirements for technical level are high, which is typical Single-piece custom production.
2. The average sales of mold production enterprises are low
The plastic mold industry is not a standardized industry. The essence of the mold lies in the rationality of the design ideas and mold structure. It belongs to the industry of high innovation, high technology content, high precision and high added value. Plastic mold is a customized product with strong individuality, and different plastic molds have obvious differences.
Therefore, plastic molds are mainly produced by single-piece manufacturing. Moreover, plastic molds can have a long service life, and the number of plastic products that can be produced by one set of molds is more than hundreds of thousands. Therefore, the demand for mold products in downstream manufacturing companies is relatively small, resulting in low sales for mold companies. According to the China Mould Industry Association, there were about 20,000 plastic mold manufacturing enterprises (factories and sites) in China in 2011. Based on the total sales of the plastic mold industry in 2011 of about 56 billion yuan, the average annual sales of plastic molds in the industry are Above 3 million yuan, the average production capacity is not large, and the industry concentration is not high.
3. Compared with developed countries, there is still a big gap between the technical level of the industry
In recent years, China’s mold industry has shifted from extensive workshop-style operations that used locksmiths as the core to intensive modern operations that rely on technology and design. The industry’s technical level has improved significantly.
4. High regional concentration
The development of the mold industry requires certain upstream and downstream industry support, especially the very close connection with the downstream manufacturing industry. Mould products are intermediate products, and the main customers are downstream end product manufacturers. Therefore, China’s plastic mold enterprises are mainly distributed in developed areas such as the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta, including Guangdong, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong and other provinces and cities. The plastic mold industry is relatively developed, accounting for the vast majority of China’s plastic mold industry .
5. The contradiction between domestic production and demand for high-end mold products is outstanding
Since China’s plastic molds still have a large gap compared with the world’s advanced level in terms of quantity, quality and technical capabilities, the products are mainly concentrated in the low-end mold market, which has led to the continuous increase in the import volume of plastic mold products required in China in recent years. Although China’s plastic mold industry as a whole maintains a pattern of import and export surplus, the domestic large-scale, sophisticated, complex and long-life high-end mold products still need to be imported every year, which has caused the long-term development of China’s automobile, home appliance and other host industries Certain adverse effects.